Slavery in French Colonial Louisiana

(ca. 1699–1762)

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We invite you to explore these related KnowLA entries to gain a fuller understanding of the topic:

The Saint-Domingue Revolution

The revolution that began in Saint-Domingue in the West Indies in 1791 and ended in 1804 was the only successful slave rebellion in history. Read »

Slave Insurrections in Louisiana

Slavery existed in Louisiana from its earliest origins as a French colony through the Confederacy's defeat in the Civil War. Slave insurrections, however, were unusual events. Read »

Slavery in Spanish Colonial Louisiana

During Louisiana's Spanish colonial period, the number of enslaved Africans and the number of free people of color increased greatly. Read »

Indian Slavery

Indian slavery had a long history in French Canada, on the Gulf Coast, and in the Mississippi Valley. In colonial Louisiana both French and Spanish authorities sought to discourage it, but the practice continued until after the Louisiana Purchase. Read »

Code Noir of Louisiana

The 1724 Code Noir of Louisiana was a means to control the behaviors of Africans, Native Americans, and free people of color. Read »

Free People of Color

Free people of color in Louisiana maintained a level of exclusiveness largely to protect their property and separate themselves from slaves. Read »

Etienne de Perier

From 1727 to 1733 Etienne de Périer governed Louisiana as commandant-general for the Company of the West (later known as the Company of the Indies), which then held a charter for the development of the Louisiana colony. Read »

Spanish Colonial Louisiana

Spain governed the colony of Louisiana for nearly four decades, from 1763 through 1802, returning it to France for a few months until the Louisiana Purchase conveyed it to the United States in 1803. Read »

Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville

Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville, Canadian soldier and explorer, is often described as the founder of the first permanent French settlement in Louisiana. Read »

Natchez Revolt of 1729

The Natchez massacre of 1729 was the culmination of failed French colonial diplomacy with the Natchez Indian tribe. Read »

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