Ralston Crawford shot this exterior view of the popular music venue The Dew Drop Inn in 1953. Learn more »
From the mid-1940s through the close of the 1960s, one of the most popular music venues in New Orleans was a combination nightclub, hotel, restaurant, and barbershop called the Dew Drop Inn. What began as a small sandwich shop for workers from the nearby Magnolia Housing Project (officially known as the C. J. Peete Housing Project) grew into a nationally known entertainment center. Acts from all over the city and the country played the Dew Drop Inn, a star-studded roster of blues, rhythm and blues (R&B), and early rock 'n' roll performers that included the likes of Ray Charles, Charles Brown, Joseph “Big Joe” Turner, Solomon Burke, Bobby “Blue” Bland, William “Little Willie” John, Eskew “Esquerita” Reeder, Allen Toussaint, Shirley and Lee, Eddie “Guitar Slim” Jones, Earl King, Dave Bartholomew, and James Booker. Little Richard and Esquerita even wrote a song about the club called “(Meet All Your Fine Friends at) The Dew Drop Inn.”
Frank Painia, an African American barber from Plaquemines Parish, opened the Dew Drop Inn at 2836 LaSalle Street in 1939 as a hotel. A nightclub was added in 1945. Frank booked the stage acts while his brother Paul ran the adjacent restaurant. Both the hotel and the nightclub filled a niche in segregated New Orleans by offering work and respectable overnight lodging to prominent African American entertainers. The music room, sometimes called The Groove Room, offered a nightly floor show that harkened back to the golden age of vaudeville. The stage featured comedians, snake dancers, magicians, female impersonators, and stunt performers who chewed glass or lifted tables with their mouths.
The mistress of ceremonies for these shows was Patsy Vidalia, a well-known transvestite acclaimed for her singing and dancing. Every year on October 31, Vidalia hosted the Gay Halloween Ball, by all accounts the wildest and most entertaining night of the year at the Dew Drop Inn. Drag queens in the city came in all their finery, and the entire female bar staff dressed as men. As impresario, Frank also staged amateur nights and talent contests; after the billed acts finished, the club often hosted jam sessions that lasted until dawn or later.
“[The Dew Drop Inn] was the foundation for musicians in New Orleans,” said blues musician Joseph August, known on stage as Mr. Google Eyes. “Whether you were from out of town or from the city, your goal was the Dew Drop. If you couldn’t get a gig at the Dew Drop, you weren’t about nothing.”
The Dew Drop Inn also functioned as a community and business center. Musicians often gathered there before and after work, and Frank Painia, who owned a booking service, would assemble bands for gigs in New Orleans and along the Gulf Coast. When musicians were stranded or out of work, the charitable Painia reportedly let them stay at his hotel and then found them a gig so they could get back on their feet and repay him. Because the Dew Drop Inn operated when segregation was the law, white audiences were supposedly prohibited from the club. Painia not only allowed whites to frequent his establishment but also often went to jail when the police arrested his customers. The most famous raid occurred in 1952, when Painia and actor Zachary Scott, then in New Orleans filming a movie, were arrested along with several other patrons for “mixing.”
The Dew Drop Inn operated much as it always had until 1969, when the legendary nightclub went dark. As segregation laws were overturned, African Americans who had been regular customers could visit venues that were previously off limits. Frank Painia became ill in 1965; he was in and out of the hospital until his death in 1972. After Frank’s passing, the remaining businesses at the Dew Drop Inn gradually closed until the establishment only consisted of a hotel, which ultimately was shuttered as well. Repeated attempts at reviving the business in the decades since the nightclub closed have failed. In 2010, the Louisiana Landmark Society placed the Dew Drop Inn on its New Orleans’ Nine Most Endangered Sites List to draw attention to the deteriorating condition of the building, where an iconic sign still marks what was once billed as “the South’s swankiest night spot.”
Cite This Entry
Chicago Manual of Style
Kunian, David. "Dew Drop Inn." In KnowLA Encyclopedia of Louisiana, edited by David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 2010–. Article published March 28, 2013. http://www.knowla.org/entry/1465/.
Kunian, David. "Dew Drop Inn." KnowLA Encyclopedia of Louisiana. Ed. David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 28 Mar 2013. Web. 13 Feb. 2016.
Would you like to learn more about this topic from books and other reading materials?
Berry, Jason, Jonathan Foose, and Tad Jones. Up From the Cradle of Jazz: New Orleans Music since World War II. New York: Da Capo Press, 1992.
Broven, John. Rhythm and Blues in New Orleans. Gretna, LA: Pelican, 1995.
Hannusch, Jeff. I Hear You Knockin’: The Sound of New Orleans Rhythm and Blues. Ville Platte, LA: Swallow Publications, 1985.
———. The Soul of New Orleans: A Legacy of Rhythm and Blues. Ville Platte, LA: Swallow Publications, 2001.