Mel Parnell still holds the Red Sox career record for left-handed pitchers in games started, innings, and victories. Parnell is depicted here on a 1953 Bowman Gum baseball card. Learn more »
One of three left-handed pitchers from the same city block in New Orleans to make it to the major leagues—the others being Howie Pollett and Larry Lasalle—Mel Parnell had a stellar ten-year career as a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox. Best remembered for the no-hitter he pitched against the Chicago White Sox in 1956, Parnell retired at the end of that season due to an elbow injury. With a career record of 123 wins and 75 losses, he won more games than any other left-hander in Red Sox history.
Born in New Orleans on June 13, 1922, Mel Parnell attended S. K. Peters High School. After high school he was recruited by Red Sox farm system director Herb Pennock. He spent two years in the minor leagues (1941 and 1942), then joined the Army Air Corps during World War II. Three years of military service (1943–1945) found Parnell playing ball in Arkansas, Tennessee, and Alabama, where he played on many Southern Association clubs and other service teams. His club won the Eastern Flying Training Command championship. He was assigned as a crewman aboard B-29 aircraft while stationed at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama.
Parnell played one more season in the minors in 1946 before making his major-league debut on April 20, 1947. After an undistinguished rookie season, he joined Boston’s starting rotation (along with fellow New Orleanian Jack Kramer) in 1948. He won fifteen games, lost eight, and recorded an earned run average of 3.14, helping the Red Sox to a second-place finish behind the Cleveland Indians.
Parnell was an All-Star in 1949, his best season in the majors, winning a league-leading twenty-five games and losing only seven. He would return in 1951. He was very successful at home in Fenway Park, using his baffling inside slider to tame right-handed hitters. Although he spent his final three seasons (1954–1956) fighting a bad elbow, on July 14, 1956, Parnell pitched the first first no-hitter in more than thirty-three years for the Red Sox against the Chicago White Sox, winning 4–0. Just months later, however, a torn muscle in his throwing arm would end his career.
Parnell returned to New Orleans to try his hand at managing, first as the head coach of the Tulane University team in 1958, then as the manager of the New Orleans Pelicans in what would become their final season in 1959. But not even Parnell’s considerable reputation or personal charm could breathe life into the dying franchise.
Parnell remained in New Orleans, engaging in a number of successful business ventures and working as a broadcaster. He gave freely of his time: visiting with his baseball friends, making personal appearances, granting the occasional interview, and inspiring young left-handed pitchers everywhere. Parnell was inducted into the Louisiana Sports Hall of Fame in 1963 and the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 1997. He died on March 20, 2012, in New Orleans after a long battle with cancer.
Cite This Entry
Chicago Manual of Style
Gisclair, S. Derby. "Mel Parnell." In KnowLA Encyclopedia of Louisiana, edited by David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 2010–. Article published October 28, 2013. http://www.knowla.org/entry/1623/&view=summary.
Gisclair, S. Derby. "Mel Parnell." KnowLA Encyclopedia of Louisiana. Ed. David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 28 Oct 2013. Web. 22 Jan. 2017.
Would you like to learn more about this topic from books and other reading materials?
Cole, Milton, and Jim Kaplan. The Boston Red Sox: An Illustrated History. East Bridgewater, MA: World Publications Group, 2010.
Gisclair, S. Derby. Baseball in New Orleans. Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
McNeil, William F. Red Sox Roll Call: 200 Memorable Players, 1901–2001. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2011.
Nowlin, Bill, and Jim Prime. Amazing Tales from the Boston Red Sox Dugout. New York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2010.