Civil War Louisiana

(1861–1865)

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Lee, Robert E. - Painting - Formal portrait by Cornelius Hankins

Portrait of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in painted by Cornelius H. Hawkins. Date unknown. ZoomifyView »

Gulf Coast - Map - Color birds-eye view of the Gulf Coast c.1861

This map provides a bird's eye view of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and part of Florida c. 1861. ZoomifyView »

Farragut's Fleet Passing the Forts Below New Orleans - Painting - by De Hass

This painting shows David Farragut, then a flag officer, and his fleet passing Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip, downriver from New Orleans, in April 1862. The date of the painting is unknown. ZoomifyView »

Farragut, David - Photograph - Pictured with Percival Drayton

Union Admiral David Farragut and Commodore Percival Drayton c. 1864. ZoomifyView »

Butler, Benjamin - Printed Ephemera - Lord Palmerston's speech

With General Order No. 28, commonly known as the “Woman's Order,” Union General Benjamin Butler attempted to stop the women of New Orleans from exhibiting their dislike of Union soldiers. Issued in 1862, the order stated that any woman showing disrespect to a Union soldier would “be treated as a woman of the town plying her vocation.” ZoomifyView »

Marsh, Edward N. - Ephemera - Civil War letter home, dated December 18, 1862

In this December 18, 1862, letter to his sister, Edward N. Marsh writes about his experience of the Civil War in Baton Rouge. Marsh describes his unit's landing and the town's deserted appearance, as well as the treatment of “contrabands,” slaves who fled to the federal encampments. ZoomifyView »

Farragut, David - Photograph - Portrait, seated in military univorm

David Glasgow Farragut (July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870), who eventually became the U.S. Navy's first full admiral, led several important Union victories in Louisiana during the Civil War. ZoomifyView »

Butler, Benjamin - Printed Ephemera - 1862 proclamation of New Orleans' surrender

With this May 1, 1862, proclamation, Union General Benjamin Butler announced the federal government's official occupation of New Orleans and declared martial law in the city. ZoomifyView »

Hahn, Michael - Painting - Portrait of the governor by John Genin, c.1865

The nineteenth governor of Louisiana, Michael Hahn was a Unionist before, during, and after the Civil War. He was elected Civil Governor in 1864 and received military powers from Lincoln. ZoomifyView »

Dawson, Sarah Morgan - Photograph - Head and shoulders portrait c.1913

Sarah Morgan Dawson kept a journal of her experiences during the Civil War in Louisiana. ZoomifyView »

Moore, Thomas Overton - Photograph - Portrait

From 1860 until 1864, North Carolina-native Thomas Overton Moore served as the sixteenth governor of Louisiana. View »

Port Hudson - Photograph - 1863 black-and-white photograph of the 21st Indiana battery in Port Hudson.

A black-and-white photograph of the 21st Indiana Battery in Port Hudson c.1863. ZoomifyView »

Zouaves, Louisiana Civil War - Painting - By Charles Fischer

Color reproduction of a painting by Charles F. Fischer, depicting a Zouave soldier, fallen on the battlefield. During the Civil War some volunteer regiments, North and South, adopted the name and dress of the Zouave, French soldiers stationed in North Africa. ZoomifyView »

Old State Capitol - Photograph - Exterior view after the fire of 1862

Union troops occupied Louisiana's Old State Capitol during the Civil War. In 1862, a cooking fire destroyed all but the exterior walls. ZoomifyView »

Scott's Great Snake - Map - Civil War map of the Anaconda Plan c.1861

This map illustrates Union General Winfield Scott's “Anaconda” plan to strangle the Confederacy economically. ZoomifyView »

Butler, Benjamin - Illustration - Editorial cartoon depicting Butler as the Bluebeard of New Orleans

Union General Benjamin Butler earned many nicknames while commanding the occupational Union forces in New Orleans in 1862. He was called “Bluebird of New Orleans,” “Beast Butler,” and “Spoons Butler.” ZoomifyView »

Port Hudson - Map - Pen and ink watercolor by Robert Knox Sneden depicting the Union troops on land and water surrounding Confederate fortifications at Port Hudson.

Pen and ink watercolor map of the Siege of Port Hudson by cartographer Robert Knox Sneden c.1863-1865. ZoomifyView »

Port Hudson - Photograph - Farragut's fleet on the Mississippi River, with the Steamship Mississippi, attributed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge, c.1863

Reproduction of a photograph of Farragut's Fleet on the Mississippi prior to the Siege of Port Hudson. The Steamship Mississippi is featured in the foreground. ZoomifyView »

Lincoln, Abraham - Ephemera - Photograph of a campaign button for the 1860 presidential race

Photograph of a campaign button by Matthew Brady for Abraham Lincoln's bid for president in the 1860 election. Lincoln did not receive a single popular vote in Louisiana. ZoomifyView »

Civil War Song - Song Sheet - Capture of New Orleans

The lyrics for “Capture of New Orleans,” a song popular during the Civil War. ZoomifyView »

Porter, David Dixon - Photograph - Seated portrait

Admiral David Dixon Porter helped the Union capture New Orleans. Later, and with less success, he led the Union naval forces in the Red River campaign. ZoomifyView »

Smith, Edmund Kirby - Photograph - Seated portrait of the General in military uniform c.1860 to 1870

After the siege of Vicksburg, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederacy. ZoomifyView »

Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss - Photograph - Head and shoulders portrait of the Civil War general, c.1860

General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks commanded Union forces in Louisiana during the Civil War. General Banks conducted the First and Second Red River campaigns and led the siege of Port Hudson. View »

Warmoth, Henry Clay - Painting - Early 20th Century portrait of the governor by Paul King.

Henry Clay Warmoth, the twenty-third governor of Louisiana, was widely considered a “carpetbagger,” a northerner who moved South after the Civil War. He was suspended from office thirty-five days before the end of his term. ZoomifyView »

Davis, Jefferson - Engraving - Portrait at an early age

Pen and ink engraving of Jefferson Davis, 1808-1889, at an early age. ZoomifyView »

Lee, Robert E. - Lithograph - Composite image with Stonewall Jackson, P.G.T. Beauregard, and additional Confederate Generals, entitled "Our Heroes and Our Flag"

This c. 1896 lithograph shows Confederate heroes Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and P.G.T. Beauregard surrounded by portraits of Jefferson Davis and Confederate officers. ZoomifyView »

New Orleans - Map - Plan of the attack on New Orleans, Circa 1862

This hand-drawn and annotated map illustrates an 1862 Union plan for an attack on New Orleans. ZoomifyView »

Fort Jackson - Map - Reconnoissance of the Mississippi River below Forts Jackson and St. Philip

A map illustrating the Union's knowledge of Fort Jackson and Fort St. Phillip. This information may have helped Union Commander David Dixon Porter develop a plan to capture the Confederate forts. ZoomifyView »

Secession - Painting - Signing the Ordinance of Secession of Louisiana, Jan. 26th 1861

Painting by Enoch Wood Perry, Jr. (1831-1915) of the signing of the Ordinance of Secession of Louisiana on January 26, 1861. ZoomifyView »

Port Hudson - Hand colored lithograph - Surrender of Port Hudson

This lithograph depicts the confederate surrender of Port Hudson, LA, on July 8th, 1863. View »

Slave Trade - Ephemera - Ten Dollars Reward, advertisement for return of a runaway slave

Newspaper ad for the return of runaway slaves from Le Courrier de la Louisiane, June 30, 1837. Ad also warns of punishment for those who harbor fugitive slaves. ZoomifyView »

Confederate Flag - Sheet Music - Published by A.E. Blackmar & Bros, 1861

A.E. Blackmar Brothers published the sheet music for “The Confederate Flag,” a war song, in New Orleans in 1861. ZoomifyView »

CSS Arkansas - Wood Engraving - Shows the Arkansas and the Carondelet

This image from a newspaper clipping illustrates the CSS Arkansas as it made its way past Union forces in Vicksburg, while on its way to aid the Confederate army in the Battle of Baton Rouge. ZoomifyView »

CSS Arkansas - Engraving - “Union Gun-boat 'Essex' Destroying the Rebel iron-clad ram 'Arkansas' in Mississippi”

In this illustration, the Union gun-boat Essex destroys the Confederate Arkansas. This battle took place just north of Baton Rouge. ZoomifyView »

Arnold, Edward - Painting - Farragut's entrance into Mobile Bay

Edward Arnold painted one of the Confederacy's most significant losses of the Civil War in "Farragut's fleet entering Mobile Bay, 5th August, 1864." The painting has a black band across the bottom, on which Arnold inscribed the names of the subject, location and date of the battle, along with the names of the ships and their commanders. ZoomifyView »

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