Amistad Research Center at Tulane University

As the nation's largest independent archives specializing in the history of African Americans and other ethnic groups, the Amistad Research Center is dedicated to preserving America's ethnic heritage by providing a home to the manuscripts, photographs, oral histories, books, periodicals and works of art that contain the history of peoples, of nations, of beliefs and dreams, of a past worth sharing with the future.

Harold Battiste

Battiste, Harold - Photograph - Seated at a piano

A photograph of Harold Battiste seated at the piano, Circa 1996. View »

Ruby Bridges Enters School

Bridges, Ruby - Photograph - Entering William Frantz Elementary with Federal Marshals

On November 14, 1960 Ruby Bridges entered the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans under the protection of armed federal marshals. ZoomifyView »

Brown vs. Board of Education

Brown vs. Board of Education

Supreme Court ephemera from the case of Brown vs. Board of Education from the October term, 1952. View »

Report Proceedings for the Annulment of Act 111 of 1890 by the Citizens' Committee of New Orleans, LA

Citizens' Committee - Pamphlet Cover - Report Proceedings for the Annulment of Act 111 of 1890 by the Citizens' Committee of New Orleans, LA

This pamphlet, distributed by the Citizens' Committee of New Orleans, details the group's views on the Annulment of Act 111 of 1890, know as the Separate Car Act. ZoomifyView »

The Violation of a Constitutional Right by the Citizens Committee

Citizens' Committee - Pamphlet Cover - The Violation of a Constitutional Right

This educational pamphlet, published by the authority of the Citizens' Committee in 1893, details Plessy v. Ferguson, the U.S. Supreme Court case that upheld the “separate but equal” doctrine. ZoomifyView »

Tom Dent with with Free Southern Theater poster

Dent, Tom - Photograph - Pictured with a Free Southern Theater poster

A photograph of Tom Dent pictured with a poster for the Free Southern Theater. ZoomifyView »

Close Our Schools?

Desegregation - Ephemera - Close Our Schools? pamphlet

This pamphlet was distributed by Save Our Schools (SOS), an influential group of white Orleans Parish community members working to end segregation in the public schools. This pamphlet was returned to SOS with handwritten notes expressing a parent's anger at school integration. ZoomifyView »

Free Southern Theater - For Those Who Have No Theater

Free Southern Theater - Printed Ephemera - "For Those Who Have No Theater"

A poster asking for support for the Free Southern Theater. ZoomifyView »

Oretha Castle Haley

Haley, Oretha Castle - Photograph - Seated at desk

A photograph of civil rights activist, Oretha Castle Haley. View »

Indian Women Weaving Cane Baskets

Indian Basketry - Photograph - Indian Women Weaving Cane Baskets

A 1923 photograph of Native American women weaving cane baskets in Elton, Louisiana. ZoomifyView »

Jim Crow Must Go

Jim Crow Must Go - Photograph - Protest, 1961

A photograph of a New Orleans CORE protest at Woolworths and McCrory's on Canal Street, April 1961. View »

New Orleans Judges Strike Down School Closing Law

New Orleans Judges

From left to right, Federal judges Herbert Christenberry, J. Skelly Wright, and John Minor Wisdom, who voted down Louisiana's school closing law, which allowed school districts to vote in favor of abandoning desegregation orders. ZoomifyView »


Nkombo - Journal cover - vol. 3, no. 1, March 1971

The front cover of Nkombo, vol. 3, no. 1, March 1971. BLKARTSOUTH published 9 issues between 1968 to 1974. ZoomifyView »

Salary Schedule for New Orleans Teachers

Salary Schedule - Ephemera - Table outlining salaries of white and black teachers in 1942

This table from 1942 outlines the difference in pay African American teachers earned compared to their white counterparts. The NAACP filed suit on behalf of the African American teachers in the case McKelpin v. Orleans Parish School Board, successfully securing equal pay for equal work. ZoomifyView »

Parents Protest Integration

School Desegregation - Photograph - An angry white parent kicking an African American man

Many New Orleans citizens adamantly, even violently, opposed the integration of the public schools in 1960. In Travels with Charley, John Steinbeck describes the “cheerleaders,” a group of white parents fighting integration, as performers who shout “bestial and filthy and degenerate” words at “the littlest Negro girl you ever saw.” A cheerleader is shown here kicking. ZoomifyView »

Demonstrators at Williams Frantz Elementary School

School Desegregation - Photograph - Demonstrators at Frantz School

Demonstrators show their opposition to the desegregation of Orleans Parish Public Schools in November 1960. ZoomifyView »

Federal Marshal Wallace Downs

School Desegregation - Photograph - Newspaper clipping with Federal Marshal Wallace Downs

In November 1960, four African American girls needed the protection of federal marshals to integrate the Orleans Parish public schools. ZoomifyView »

Wright Must Go

School Desegregation - Photograph - Opposition to Judge J. Skelly Wright

Federal Judge J. Skelly Wright faced severe opposition to his decision ordering the desegregation of the Orleans Parish public schools in 1960, including a well-organized attempt to have him impeached. ZoomifyView »

Crowd stopped near school board office

School Desegregation - Photograph - Protesters near the Orleans Parish School Board office

Citizens protest the integration of Orleans Parish public schools near the school board offices in 1960. ZoomifyView »

Teens Protest Against Integration

School Desegregation - Photograph - Teenagers protesting in 1960 New Orleans

White teenagers in New Orleans shown protesting the integration of the public schools in 1960. ZoomifyView »