Antebellum Period (1812-1860)

to come

Alaux, Alexander

Alexander Alaux, born in France in 1851, came to Louisiana at the age of six. After studying in Europe, Alaux returned to Louisiana, where he painted with his children until his death in 1932. Read »

All Saints Day

All Saints Day or All Hallows Day is a Catholic tradition honoring the saints and also deceased family members each November 1. Read »

Amans, Jacques

French artist Jacques Amans was the leading portraitist in New Orleans during the 1840s and 1850s. Read »

Antebellum Louisiana

The Antebellum period in Louisiana begins with statehood in 1812 and ends with Louisiana joining the Confederacy in 1860. Read »

Arquier, Joseph

Composer and cellist Joseph Arquier lived in New Orleans between 1800 and 1804. Read »

Ashland-Belle Helene Plantation

Perhaps more than any other plantation house, Ashland-Belle Helene epitomizes the popular image of the grand Greek Revival southern mansion. Read »

Audubon State Historic Site

During John James Audubon’s four month tenure at Oakley Plantation as tutor to Eliza Pirrie, he produced thirty-two of his bird paintings. Read »

Audubon, John James

Artist John James Audubon completed some of his most notable paintings for “The Birds of America” while in Louisiana. Read »

Baker, William Henry

William Henry Baker was a itinerant Grand Manner portrait painter active in the New Orleans area during the nineteenth century. Read »

Bastrop, Felipe Enrique Neri, Baron de

Felipe Enrique Neri, although deceptive about his own lineage, nevertheless played an important role in the settlement of the Ouachita Valley in northeast Louisiana. Read »

Battle of New Orleans

The Battle of New Orleans, fought on January 8, 1815, was the culmination of a monthlong series of skirmishes between US and British forces in southern Louisiana; it was the final major engagement of the War of 1812. Read »

Beauregard Town

Baton Rouge's Beauregard Town, planned in 1806 by Capt. Elias Beauregard, is now a predominantly residential district. Read »

Beauregard, P.G.T.

P.G.T. Beauregard, born in St. Bernard Parish in 1818, was the first prominent general of the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Read »

Blessing, Samuel

Of the hundreds of photographers in New Orleans during the second half of the nineteenth century, Samuel T. Blessing stands out for his longevity, production, and business acumen. Read »

Bocage Plantation

Although Bocage's early history is hazy, local tradition has maintained that the house was built in 1801 by Emanuel Marius Pons Bringier as a wedding gift for his fourteen-year-old daughter, Françoise. Read »

Boqueta de Woiseri, John L.

An itinerant artist, John L. Boqueta de Woiseri announced his arrival in New Orleans on May 28, 1803. Read »

Bousillage

Bousillage, a mixture of clay and straw or Spanish moss used for insulation, is a distinguishing feature of Louisiana’s architectural past. Read »

Bowie, Jim

Although Jim Bowie is known for his role in the Battle of the Alamo, he was raised in Louisiana, where he promoted land schemes and slave smuggling. Read »

Brammer, Robert

Itinerant landscape painter Robert Brammer opened a portrait studio in New Orleans in 1842. Read »

Brewster, Edmund

Edmund Brewster arrived in New Orleans from Philadelphia in 1819 and was recognized immediately as a talented young artist. Read »